Pembuatan dan pengujian turbin propeller dalam pengembangan teknologi pembangkit listrik tenaga air piko hidro (PLTA-PH) dengan variasi debit aliran

  • Henanto Pandu Dewanto Program Sarjana Teknik Mesin, FakultasTeknik, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Dwi Aries Himawanto Staff Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Sukmaji Indro Cahyono Staff Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Abstract

Hydroelectric power plants (hydropower) with a power generated capacity of less than 5 kW called "Pico Hydro" (hydropower-PH). Pico Hydro is one of the renewable energy sources that are environmentally friendly. In this study aims to: (1) the manufacture hydropower plants Pico Hydro energy-efficient, renewable and environmentally friendly; (2) determine the efficiency of the turbine with the testing of flow variation; (3) determine the efficiency of generator. Designing and making portable water turbines are easily in the manufacture, operation, and maintenance and has a high efficiency and effectiveness that can use the method of reverse engineering. The production process is performed to create a turbine by the lathe and welding processes. While the materials used are mild steel. Results of this study were found that: (1) the manufacturing process of hydropower plants Pico Hydro can be performed easily by the public; (2) the type of turbine used in hydropower-PH testing is a propeller turbine with 4 blades; (3) flow measurement with V-Notch method showed the following actual debit are 5.38 x10-3 (m3/s), 6.62 x10-3 (m3/s), 7.69 x10-3 (m3/s) and 8.84 x10-3 (m3/s. Turbine efficiency is 3.59 %, 4.26 %, 5.66 % and 7.54 %. The efficiency of the generator has a value of 39.31 %, 40.51 %, 32.55 % and 30.45 %.

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Author Biography

Henanto Pandu Dewanto, Program Sarjana Teknik Mesin, FakultasTeknik, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Hydroelectric power plants (hydropower) with a power generated capacity of less than 5 kW called "Pico Hydro" (hydropower-PH). Pico Hydro is one of the renewable energy sources that are environmentally friendly. In this study aims to: (1) the manufacture hydropower plants Pico Hydro energy-efficient, renewable and environmentally friendly; (2) determine the efficiency of the turbine with the testing of flow variation; (3) determine the efficiency of generator. Designing and making portable water turbines are easily in the manufacture, operation, and maintenance and has a high efficiency and effectiveness that can use the method of reverse engineering. The production process is performed to create a turbine by the lathe and welding processes. While the materials used are mild steel. Results of this study were found that: (1) the manufacturing process of hydropower plants Pico Hydro can be performed easily by the public; (2) the type of turbine used in hydropower-PH testing is a propeller turbine with 4 blades; (3) flow measurement with V-Notch method showed the following actual debit are 5.38 x10-3 (m3/s), 6.62 x10-3 (m3/s), 7.69 x10-3 (m3/s) and 8.84 x10-3 (m3/s. Turbine efficiency is 3.59 %, 4.26 %, 5.66 % and 7.54 %. The efficiency of the generator has a value of 39.31 %, 40.51 %, 32.55 % and 30.45 %.

Published
2018-03-07
How to Cite
DEWANTO, Henanto Pandu; HIMAWANTO, Dwi Aries; CAHYONO, Sukmaji Indro. Pembuatan dan pengujian turbin propeller dalam pengembangan teknologi pembangkit listrik tenaga air piko hidro (PLTA-PH) dengan variasi debit aliran. Jurnal Teknik Mesin Indonesia, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 54-62, mar. 2018. ISSN 2597-7563. Available at: <http://jurnal.bkstm.org/index.php/jtmi/article/view/72>. Date accessed: 14 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.36289/jtmi.v12i2.72.
Section
Mechanical Engineering